The Satisfaction with Life Scale was developed to assess satisfaction with people’s lives as a whole. The scale does not assess satisfaction with specific life domains, such as health or finances, but allows subjects to integrate and weigh these domains in whatever way they choose. It takes only a few minutes to complete.
Summaries, Hard Copies, Validity Studies
Abbreviated Mental Test Score
The AMTS rapidly assesses the elderly for the possibility of dementia. It has utility across a range of acute and outpatient settings. The test takes 5 minutes and must include all 10 questions. A score of less than 7 or 8 suggests cognitive impairment. The AMTS does not require reading, writing or drawing, and is not strictly dependent on education level (Bonaiuto et al). The test can differentiate normal from cognitively impaired.
Adult ADHD Self-Report Scales
As a healthcare professional, you can use the ASRS as a tool to help screen for ADHD in adult patients. Insights gained through this screening may suggest the need for a more in-depth clinician interview. The questions in the ASRS are consistent with DSM-V criteria and address the manifestations of ADHD symptoms in adults. The checklist takes about 5 minutes to complete and can provide information that is critical to supplement the diagnostic process.
Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test
The AUDIT is a 10-item screening tool developed by the World Health Organization to assess alcohol consumption, drinking behaviors, and alcohol-related problems. It has excellent clinical utility and is listed with the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.
Altman Self-Rating Mania Scale
The ASRM is a 5-item self-rating mania scale designed to assess the presence and/or severity of manic symptoms. If the individual receiving care is of impaired capacity and unable to complete the form, a knowledgeable informant may complete the measure. The ASRM has very good psychometric properties.
Attitudes Toward Self
The ATS was designed to measure three potential self-regulatory vulnerabilities to depression. One of them is the holding of overly high standards, the second is the tendency to be self-critical at any failure to perform well, and the third is the tendency to generalize from a single failure to the broader sense of self-worth. The ATS appears to be a valid instrument for the study of the role of cognitive tendencies as potential vulnerability for depression.
Attitudes Toward Seeking Professional Psychological Help
Attitude toward seeking professional help is complex. It can often result in unmet needs, treatment gaps, and delays in help-seeking. ATSPPH-SF evidenced adequate internal consistency. Higher scores (indicating more positive treatment attitudes) were associated with less treatment-related stigma, and greater intentions to seek treatment in the future.
Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire
The ATQ is a 30-item instrument that measures the frequency of automatic negative statements about the self. Such statements play an important role in the development, maintenance and treatment of various psychopathologies, including depression. ATQ taps 4 aspects of these automatic thoughts: Maladjustment and Desire for Change, Negative Self-Concepts and Negative Expectations, Low Self-Esteem, and Helplessness.
Barrat Impulsiveness Scale (BIS)
The BIS is a 30-item self-report measure, and is one of the most commonly used scales for the assessment of impulsiveness. It has recently marked 50 years of use in research and clinical settings. The current BIS, the 11th version, measures 3 theoretical subtraits: attentional, motor, and non-planning impulsiveness.
Beck Anxiety Inventory
The BAI consists of 21 items. It was developed in 1988 and a revised manual was published in 1993 with some changes in scoring. The BAI scores are classified as minimal anxiety (0 to 7), mild anxiety (8 to 15), moderate anxiety (16 to 25), and severe anxiety (30 to 63). When the BAI first came out, it demonstrated good reliability and validity on two separate studies.
Beck Depression Scale
The BDI is a 21-item, self-report rating inventory that measures characteristic attitudes and symptoms of depression. The BDI takes approximately 10 minutes to complete. Clients require a fifth – sixth grade reading level to adequately understand the questions.
Borderline Symptom Test 23
The BSL-23 is one of the newest self-report instruments designed to assess complaints and experiences commonly reported by patients with BPD. Findings from this study indicate that the BSL-23 is strongly associated with DSM-IV BPD symptoms as assessed by a valid semi-structured interview (i.e. the SIDP-IV).
Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire
The AQ evaluates aggressive behaviors and is used to assess manifestations of aggression by means of four subscales: physical
aggression, verbal aggression, anger and hostility. The AQ is one of the most used instruments to assess aggression; it includes 29 items grouped into 4 factors mentioned above. The scales show internal consistency and stability over time.
Burden Scale For Family Caregivers (BSFC)
The BSFC is the most important caregiver-related variable in care at home of a chronically-ill person. Caregiver burden has significant impact on the emotional and physical health of the caregiver, and even influences the mortality of spouses of caregivers. The BSFC and BSFC-s (shortened version) are designed for use in both clinical practice and research studies.
Caregiver Burden Scale (CBS)
The CBS reflects how people sometimes feel when they are taking care of another person. It is a self-administered 22-item questionnaire that assesses the “experience of burden.”
CAGE-AID is a version of the CAGE alcohol screening questionnaire, adapted to include drug use (AID). The target population for the CAGE-AID is both adults and adolescents and can be administered by patient interview or self-report in a primary care setting.
Child Dissociative Checklist (CDC), Version 3
The CDC compiles observations by an adult observer regarding a child’s behaviors and quantifies dissociative behavior for dimensional approaches and can categorize children into low and high dissociation groups.
Child and Adolescent Disruptive Behavior Inventory
The CADBI is a brief questionnaire consisting of 25 items from the oppositional to peers, oppositional to adults, and the hyperactivity/impulsivity scales from the CADBI.
Cognitive Impairment Test - 6 Item
The 6CIT is a brief cognitive function test which takes less than five minutes and is widely used in primary care settings. It involves three orientation items – counting backwards from 20, stating the months of the year in reverse, and learning an address. The 6CIT correlates highly with the Mini Mental State Examination. Some researchers suggest that the 6CIT has advantages over the MMSE in hospitals settings. It shows good sensitivity for detecting mild dementia as well being culturally unbiased. However, validation data is limited.
CRAFFT Screening Interview
The CRAFFT is an acronym for Car, Relax, Alone, Forget, Family, Friends, Trouble. This screening tool consists of six questions intended to identify adolescents who may have simultaneous risky alcohol and other drug use disorders. The CRAFFT is a valid means of screening adolescents for substance-related problems and disorders.
Depression Anxiety Stress Scales-21
The DASS-21 is a shortened version of the original 42 question inventory. The development of the DASS was based on the tripartite model of depression and anxiety. DASS-depression focuses on reports of low mood, motivation, and self-esteem, DASS-anxiety on physiological arousal, perceived panic, and fear, and DASS-stress on tension and irritability.
Displaced Aggression Questionnaire
Analysis of the DAQ provided support for 3-factors: an affective (angry rumination), cognitive (revenge planning), and a behavioral dimension (general tendency to engage in displaced aggression). It demonstrated good internal consistency and test-retest reliability as well as convergent and discriminant construct validity. Unlike other related personality measures, trait displaced aggression significantly predicted indirect indicators of real-world displaced aggression (i.e., self-reported domestic abuse and road rage) as well as laboratory displaced aggression in 2 experiments.
Drug Abuse Screening Test
The DAST was developed in 1982 and is still an excellent screening tool. Its original version is 28-items that parallel those of the Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (MAST). The DAST has exhibited valid psychometric properties and has been found to be a sensitive screening instrument for the abuse of drugs other than alcohol.
Drinking Related Internal External Locus of Control Scale
The DRIE is a highly reliable, multidimensional scale dealing with specific expectations concerning drinking behavior. Its use may provide greater predictive power in the investigation of alcoholic personality traits, psychopathology, and drinking behavior than that provided by Rotter’s Internal-External Locus of Control Scale and other measures of generalized expectancy of control.
Distress and Risk Assessment Method
The DRAM is a simple and straightforward psychological assessment method for pain problems. The DRAM is designed as no more than a first-stage screening procedure, whether as a confirmation of clinical impression, or to alert the clinician that a more comprehensive psychological or psychophysiological assessment is indicated.
Drug-Related Locus of Control
The DR-LOC is a 15-item, forced-choice measure of drug-use control expectancies in a variety of drug-use-related situations.
Locus of Control Theory
Locus of control refers to internal states that explain why people actively deal with difficult
circumstances. It concerns the beliefs that individuals hold regarding the relationships between
action and outcome
Dysfunctional Attitude Scales
The Dysfunctional Attitude Scale form A (DAS-A) is a self-report scale designed to measure the presence and intensity of dysfunctional attitudes.
Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale
Postpartum depression affects at least 10 percent of women and many depressed mothers do not get proper treatment. These mothers might cope with their baby and with household tasks, but
their enjoyment of life is seriously affected, and it is possible that there are long term effects on the family. The EPDS was developed to assist health professionals in detecting mothers suffering from PPD; a distressing disorder more prolonged than the “blues” (which can occur in the first week after delivery).
The EQ can be used by mental health professionals in assessing the level of social impairment in certain disorders like Asperger’s or high functioning autism. It is also suitable for use as a casual measure of temperamental empathy in the general population. In addition to the empathy scale, the EQ comes with a empathy subscale: reading non-verbal cues.
Epworth Sleepiness Scale
The ESS was first introduced in 1991 by Dr. Murray Johns of the Epworth Hospital in Melbourne, Australia, and is a tool used to measure the average sleep propensity (ASP) of patients to assess their general level of sleepiness and determine if sleep disorders could be the cause of their problems. Patients taking the questionnaire are asked questions regarding their likelihood of falling asleep during eight normal, low activity situations.
Geriatric Depression Scale
The GDS is a self-report measure of depression in older adults, and is sound psychometric tool. Users respond in a “Yes/No” format. The GDS was originally developed as a 30-item instrument. Since this version proved both time-consuming and difficult for some patients to complete, a shortened form was developed, comprised of 15 items chosen from the long form for their strong correlations with depressive symptoms.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7
The GAD-7 is an easy-to-use self-administered patient questionnaire is used as a screening tool and severity measure for generalized anxiety disorder. With a score of 10 or more, the GAD-7 has a sensitivity of 89% and a specificity of 82% for GAD. It is moderately good at screening three other common anxiety disorders – panic disorder (sensitivity 74%, specificity 81%), social anxiety disorder (sensitivity 72%, specificity 80%) and post-traumatic stress disorder (sensitivity 66%, specificity 81%).
Informant Questionnaire of Cognitive Decline
The IQCODE short form is a questionnaire that can be filled out by a relative or other supporter of an older person to determine whether that person has declined in cognitive functioning. The IQCODE is used as a screening test for dementia. The short form was cross-validated in a new sample using dementia/delirium diagnosis as the validity standard. It was found to perform as well as the long form. The correlation with education was quite small (r = -0.13), indicating that contamination by premorbid ability is not a problem.
Interpersonal Support Evaluation List - shortened version
The ISEL-SV is a 12-item measure of perceptions of social support. This measure is a shortened version of the original 40 item ISEL. This questionnaire has three different subscales designed to measure three dimensions of perceived social support: Appraisal, Belonging, and Tangible Support Each dimension is measured by 4 items on a 4-point scale.
Impact of Events Scale – Revised
The IES-R is a self-report measure designed to assess current subjective distress for any specific life event. It has 22 items. Seven items were added to the original 15-item IES. The 7 items comprise 6 that tap hyperarousal such as: anger and irritability, heightened startle response, difficulty concentrating, hypervigilance; and 1 new intrusion item that taps the dissociative-like re-experiencing when experiencing true flash-back. The hyperarousal subscale and the new intrusion item along with the existing intrusion and avoidance subscales parallel the DSM-IV criteria for PTSD. Psychometric information is available to support the efficacy of the IES-R as a tool for assessing the impact of traumatic experience on the victims of workplace bullying.
Insomnia Severity Index Rating Scales
Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10)
The K10 is a 10-item questionnaire intended to yield a global measure of distress based on questions about anxiety and depressive symptoms that a person has experienced in the most recent 4 week period. The use of a consumer self-report measure is a desirable method of assessment because it is a genuine attempt on the part of the clinician to collect information on the patient’s current condition and to establish a productive dialogue.
Kutcher Adolescent Depression Inventory
The KADS is a self-report scale specifically designed to diagnosis and assess the severity of adolescent depression. It’s optimized for monitoring outcomes in adolescents who are receiving treatment for major depressive disorder. Its items address the core symptoms of depression, giving it the potential to have good predictive or criterion validity as well as good evaluative properties (i.e., the ability to assess change over time).
Leeds Dependence Questionnaire
The LDQ is derived from a psychological understanding of the nature of dependence. It is therefore suitable for measuring dependence during periods of substance use or abstinence. The LDQ is an indicator of how addicted a person is — and therefore how difficult it will be to achieve a positive outcome. The questionnaire was designed to be sensitive to change over time and to be sensitive through the range from mild to severe dependence.
Life Stress Test
The LST shows the kind of life pressure that you are facing. The role of stress is complex. Depending on one’s coping skills or the lack thereof, this scale can predict the likelihood that someone will fall victim to a stress related illness. The illness could be mild – frequent tension headaches, acid indigestion, loss of sleep to very serious illness like ulcers, cancer, migraines and the like.
Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale
This measure assesses the way that social phobia plays a role in your life across a variety of situations. The LAS is a well-validated measure that can be used to screen clients for social anxiety disorder and measure their progress while in treatment. It is a 24-item measure designed to assess both fear and avoidance of social (e.g., going to a party, meeting strangers) and performance situations (e.g., taking a test, giving a report to a group) occurring in the last week.
Mindful Attention Awareness Scale
The MAAS is a 15-item scale designed to assess a core characteristic of dispositional mindfulness, namely, open or receptive awareness of and attention to what is taking place in the present. The scale shows strong psychometric properties and has been validated with college, community, and cancer patient samples. Correlational, quasi-experimental, and laboratory studies have shown that the MAAS taps a unique quality of consciousness that is related to, and predictive of, a variety of self-regulation and well-being constructs.
Major Depression Inventory
The MDI is a self-report mood questionnaire developed by the World Health Organization’s Collaborating Center in Mental Health. The MDI was developed to cover the universe of depressive symptoms in DSM-IV major depression as well as in ICD-10 mild, moderate, and severe depression. The MDI as a measure of depression severity was accepted using the Visual Analogue Scale as an index of external, clinical validity.
Mini Mental State Exam
The MMSE or Folstein test is a 30-point questionnaire that is used extensively in clinical and research settings to measure cognitive impairment. It is commonly used in medicine and allied health to screen for dementia. It is a valid and reliable tool is also used to estimate the severity and progression of cognitive impairment and to follow the course of cognitive changes in an individual over time.
Meaning in Life Questionnaire
The MLQ is a 10-item self-report inventory designed to measure life meaning. The MLQ has solid psychometric properties, with good internal consistency, with coefficient alphas ranging in the low to high .80s for the Presence subscale and mid .80s to low .90s for the Search subscale. A main focus of logotherapy is the discovery of life meaning. Along these lines, logotherapy posits that: (1) there is meaning in life, (2) people are motivated by the Will to Meaning, and (3) people are free to find their own meaning.
Modified Mini Neuropsychiatric Interview
The MINI is a 22-item questionnaire that can be administered in about 15 minutes. The tool uses a set of “gateway” questions that relate to signs of distress that may be attributed to a psychiatric disorder. The screen is divided into 3 sections to capture the three major categories of mental illness as follows: Mood Disorders, Anxiety Disorders, Psychotic Disorders. The MINI is a good outcome tracking measure in clinical settings.
Mood Disorder Questionnaire
The MDQ was developed by a team of psychiatrists, researchers and consumer advocates to address a critical need for timely and accurate diagnosis of bipolar disorder, which can be fatal if left untreated. The questionnaire takes about five minutes to complete, and can provide important insights into diagnosis and treatment.
Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support
The MSPSS is a brief tool designed to measure perceptions of support from 3 sources: family, friends, and a significant other. It’s comprised of a total of 12 items, with 4 items for each subscale. An initial study describing the development of the MSPSS indicated that it was a psychometrically sound instrument: strong factorial validity was demonstrated, confirming the three-subscale structure of the MSPSS.
Novaco Anger Scale (NAI)
The NAI was adapted from the long form (Novaco, 1975) and contains 25 of the original 90 items. The NAI measures the degree of provocation or anger people would feel if placed in certain situations.
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - civilian version
Pediatric Symptom Checklist-17
The PSC-17 is a brief screening questionnaire that is used by pediatricians and other health professionals to improve the recognition and treatment of psychosocial problems in children.The PSC-17 can help primary care providers assess the likelihood of finding any mental health disorder in their patient. The brief and easy to score PSC-17 has fairly good mental health screening characteristics, even when compared with much longer instruments like the CBCL (Child Behavior Checklist by T. Achenbach).
Pictorial Pediatric Symptom Checklist
The PPSC-17 is for children 4 to 18 years of age and serves as an accurate quick screen for 3 separate factors: attentional, behavioral/extrnalizing, and emotional/mental health problems. The PPSC-17 was a useful tool for screening for psychosocial impairment, with improved sensitivity and specificity in comparison to previous assessments of the written PPSC-17 in similar populations within the U.S. Questionnaires that include pictorial descriptions may be valuable for improvements of health screening in communities with low education levels. Research has resulted in the identification of three factors. There are three factors that studies have
Penn State Worry Questionnaire
The PSWQ is a 16-item questionnaire that measures worry. Research shows it possesses high internal consistency and good test-retest reliability and a strong ability to differentiate patients with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) from other anxiety disorders. Since its development in 1990, the PSWQ has become a widely used self-report tool for pathological worry and GAD.
Patient Health Questionnaire
The PHQ is a self-administered version of the PRIME-MD diagnostic instrument for common mental disorders. The PHQ-9 is the depression module, which scores each of the 9 DSM-IV criteria. In addition to making criteria-based diagnoses of depressive disorders, the PHQ-9 is also a reliable and valid measure of depression severity. These characteristics plus its brevity make the PHQ-9 a useful clinical and research tool.
Posttraumatic Cognitions Inventory
The PTCI is a test of items derived from clinical observations and current theories of post-trauma psychopathology. The PTCI yields 3 factors: Negative Cognitions About Self, Negative Cognitions About the World, and Self-Blame. The 3 factors correlated moderately to strongly with measures of PTSD severity, depression, and general anxiety; and discriminated well between traumatized individuals with and without PTSD.
Psychopathy Checklist Revised
Revised Dyadic Adjustment Scale
The RDAS is a 14-item scale designed to measure relationship satisfaction. The revised version offers improved psychometric properties, is shorter, and includes only 3 of the original 4 subscales: (1) Dyadic Consensus – degree to which respondent agrees with partner; (2) Dyadic Satisfaction — degree to which respondent feels satisfied with partner; (3) Dyadic Cohesion –degree to which respondent and partner participate in activities together.
Rosenberg Self Esteem Measure
The RSEM is a 10-item scale that measures global self-worth by measuring both positive and negative feelings about the self. The scale is believed to be uni-dimensional. All items are answered using a 4-point Likert scale format ranging from strongly agree to strongly disagree.
Satisfaction With Life Scale
The Scoff Test is an eating disorders screening test. Results can be used to to decide if further assessment of an eating disorder is indicated. Keep in mind that, while this eating disorders test has proved effective in screening for anorexia or bulimia in women, in 12% of cases it detected an eating disorder where the subject did not really have one.
Self-Assessment Perfectionism Screening Test
Perfectionism is a response to anxiety that can be damaging to relationships and performance. The SAPST can assess if there a person is struggling with perfectionism. Scoring five or more yes answers suggest a potential problem with perfectionism. This is a screening test only. For
an accurate diagnoses, a qualified professional needs to perform a full assessment.
Sexual Addiction Screening Test
The SAST is designed to assist in the assessment of sexually compulsive or “addictive” behavior. Developed in cooperation with hospitals, treatment programs, private therapists and community groups, the SAST provides a profile of the responses that help to discriminate between an addictive and non-addictive behavior.
Short Michigan Alcohol Screening Test
The SMAST is a 13-item questionnaire that requires a 7th grade reading level, and only a few minutes to complete. It was developed from the Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test. Evaluation data indicate that it is an effective diagnostic instrument, and does not have a tendency for false positives, as does the Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test. It is strongly recommended that the DAST-10 be used along with the SMAST unless there is a clear indication that the client uses alcohol but does not use any other drug at all.
Social Interaction Anxiety Scale
The SIAS is a 20 item self report scale designed to measure social interaction anxiety defined as “distress when meeting and talking with other people”. This tool is helpful in tracking social anxiety symptoms over time, and may be helpful as part of an assessment for social phobia or other anxiety related disorders.
Social and Communication Development Questionnaire
Spence Children’s Anxiety Scale – Parent version
Suicidal Affect-Behavior-Cognition Scale
The SABCS is a brief, public domain, reliable and valid measure of suicidality/suicide risk. It is appropriate for public screening, research, and clinical purposes, including the assessment of clinically meaningful changes in suicidality.
Stages of Change Readiness and Treatment Eagerness Scale (SOCRATES 8A)
The STOP BANG questionnaire is a proven tool that can be used to screen for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). This tool will assess one’s low, moderate or high risk group for sleep apnea.
Texas Revised Inventory of Grief
Complicated grief is characterized by persistent yearning for the deceased, intense sorrow and emotional pain in response to death causing significant distress. Complicated grief is often under recognized and undertreated. The TRIG is a questionnaire that has been demonstrated to have high validity and reliability in the assessment of grief.
Vanderbilt ADHD Diagnostic Parent and Teacher Rating Scales
The Vanderbilt ADHD Diagnostic Rating Scale (VADRS) is a psychological assessment tool for parents and teachers of children aged 6 to 12 designed to measure the severity of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms. Developed by Mark Wolraich at the Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, this rating scale also includes items related to other disorders which are frequently comorbid with ADHD.