The SWLS was developed to assess satisfaction with people’s lives as a whole. It does not assess satisfaction with specific life domains, such as health or finances, but allows subjects to integrate and weigh these domains however they choose. Two studies demonstrate evidence for the reliability and predictive validity of the SWLS.
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ABBREVIATED MENTAL TEST SCORE
The AMTS assesses the elderly for dementia. It has utility across a range of acute and outpatient settings. The test takes 5 minutes and must include all 10 questions. The AMTS does not require reading, writing or drawing, and is not strictly dependent on education level. The test can differentiate normal from cognitively impaired.
ADOLESCENT PSYCHOLOGICAL RESILIENCE SCALE
Today’s adolescents may face serious problems, including natural disasters, loss of loved ones, separation of parents, or a move to a different home or school. The APRS reflects resiliency, consisting of internal and external sources of support. Mean scores of both the Well Adjusted and Resilient groups were higher than that the Vulnerable group, therefore supporting the construct validity of the APRS.
ADULT ADHD RATING SCALES
You can use the ASRS as a tool to help screen for ADHD in adult patients. Insights gained through this screening may suggest the need for a more in-depth clinician interview. The questions in the ASRS are consistent with DSM-V criteria and address the manifestations of ADHD symptoms in adults. The checklist provides information critical to the diagnostic process.
ALCOHOL USE DISORDER IDENTIFICATION TEST
The AUDIT is a 10-item screening tool developed by the World Health Organization to assess alcohol consumption, drinking behaviors, and alcohol-related problems. It has excellent clinical utility and is listed with the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.
APPEARANCE ANXIETY INVENTORY
The AAI is a self-report scale for assessing symptoms of Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD). It consists of 10 questions that a person endorses on a 5-point Likert scale. The AAI has the psychometric properties to determine whether changes in cognitive processes and behaviors can mediate the outcome following treatment in patients with BDD. This supports its potential usefulness in clinical and research settings
ALTMAN SELF-RATING MANIA SCALE
The ASRM is a 5-item self-rating mania scale designed to assess the presence and/or severity of manic symptoms. If the individual receiving care is of impaired capacity and unable to complete the form, a knowledgeable informant may complete the measure. The ASRM has very good psychometric properties.
AUTISM SPECTRUM QUOTIENT-50
The AQ is 50 questions and was developed to measure the degree to which adults with normal intelligence have symptoms of autism. The AQ was published in 2001 at the Autism Research Center in Cambridge, UK.
AUTISM SPECTRUM QUOTIENT-10
The AQ-10 is a shortened version of the Adult Spectrum Quotient. It consists of only 10 questions and possesses comparable validity to the Adult Spectrum Quotient.
ATTITUDES TOWARD SEEKING PROFESSIONAL HELP
Attitude toward seeking professional help is complex. It can often result in unmet needs, treatment gaps, and delays in help-seeking. This tool evidences adequate internal consistency. Higher scores (indicating more positive treatment attitudes) were associated with less treatment-related stigma, and greater intentions to seek treatment in the future.
ATTITUDES TOWARD SELF
The ATS measures three potential self-regulatory vulnerabilities to depression: (1) overly high standards, (2) tendency to be self-critical of performance well, and (3) tendency to generalize from a single failure to the broader sense of self-worth. Please note that the tendency to generalize was significantly correlated with generalized anxiety and social phobia.
AUTISM BEHAVIOR CHECKLIST
The ABC contains 57 atypical behaviors, organized in five domains: (1) sensory, (2) relating, (3) body concept, (4) language, and (5) adaptive. The ABC has been widely used in many countries both in research and clinical practice due to ease of application and low cost. The ABC has merit as a screening tool (this checklist’s result alone do not establish a diagnosis). Research suggests the cut-off score needs to be lowered.
AUTOMATIC THOUGHTS QUESTIONNAIRE
The ATQ assesses negative thoughts that are associated with depression among adults. The ATQ has also been extended to children. Internal consistency and validity of the ATQ were evaluated with 250 child psychiatric inpatient children. The findings in relation to psychometric properties of the ATQ with children parallel those evident in the study of depression among adults.
BARRATT IMPULSIVENESS SCALE
The BIS is a 30-item self-report measure, and is one of the most commonly used scales for the assessment of impulsiveness. It has recently marked 50 years of use in research and clinical settings. The current BIS, the 11th version, measures 3 theoretical subtraits:
(1) attentional, (2) motor, and (3) non-planning impulsiveness.
BARRATT IMPULSIVENESS SCALE - ABBREVIATED VERSION
Impulsiveness is characteristic of problematic behaviors including ADHD, excessive gambling, risk-taking, drug use, and alcoholism. Researchers analyzed the the Barrat Impulsiveness Scale (see hard copy) and eliminated 17 of 30 questions. These 13 remaining items do an even better job measuring the types of impulsiveness identified by Barrat: inattention, spontaneous action, and lack of planning.
BECK ANXIETY INVENTORY
The BAI consists of 21 items. It was developed in 1988 and a revised manual was published in 1993 with some changes in scoring. The BAI scores are classified as minimal anxiety, mild anxiety, moderate anxiety, and severe anxiety. When the BAI first came out, it demonstrated good reliability and validity on two separate studies. More about the BAI.
BECK DEPRESSION INVENTORY
The BDI is a 21-item, self-report rating inventory that measures characteristic attitudes and symptoms of depression. The BDI takes approximately 10 minutes to complete. Clients require a fifth – sixth grade reading level to adequately understand the questions. More about the BDI.
BIG FIVE INVENTORY
The BFI is a self-report inventory designed to measure the Big Five Dimensions:
(1) extraversion, (2) agreeableness, (3) conscientiousness, (4) neuroticism, and (5) openness. It is quite brief for a multidimensional personality inventory (44 items total), and consists of short phrases with relatively accessible vocabulary.
BORDERLINE SYMPTOM TEST
The BSL-23 is one of the newest self-report instruments designed to assess complaints and experiences commonly reported by patients with BPD. Findings from this study indicate that the BSL-23 is strongly associated with DSM-IV BPD symptoms as assessed by a valid semi-structured interview. The BSL-23 also demonstrated sensitivity to the effects of therapy.
BRIEF PSYCHIATRIC RATING SCALE
The BPRS is a rating scale that characterizes psychopathology and measures change in clinical psychopharmacology research. The BPRS assesses psychotic symptoms of schizophrenic patients. Originally developed with 16 items, the following standard 18-item version has been used for more than 40 years to good effect.
BUSS-PERRY AGGRESSION QUESTIONNAIRE
The BPAQ evaluates aggressive behaviors and is used to assess manifestations of aggression by means of four sub-scales: physical aggression, verbal aggression, anger and hostility. The BPAQ is one of the most used instruments to assess aggression; it includes 29 items grouped into 4 factors mentioned above. The scales show internal consistency and stability over time.
BURDEN SCALE FOR FAMILY CAREGIVERS
The BSFC is the most important caregiver-related variable in care at home of a chronically-ill person. Caregiver burden has significant impact on the emotional and physical health of the caregiver, and even influences the mortality of spouses of caregivers. The BSFC and BSFC-s (shortened version) are designed for use in both clinical practice and research studies.
CAGE-AID is a version of the CAGE alcohol screening questionnaire, adapted to include drug use (AID). The target population for the CAGE-AID is both adults and adolescents and can be administered by patient interview or self-report in a primary care setting.
CAMBRIDGE BEHAVIOR SCALE
The CBS can be used by mental health professionals in assessing the level of social impairment in certain disorders like Asperger’s or high functioning autism. It is also suitable for use as a casual measure of temperamental empathy in the general population. In addition to the empathy scale, the CBS comes with a empathy sub-scale: reading non-verbal cues.
CAREGIVER BURDEN SCALE
The Caregiver Burden Scale reflects how people sometimes feel when they are taking care of another person. It is a self-administered 22-item questionnaire that assesses the “experience of burden.”
CHILD ATTACHMENT CHECKLIST
The CAC measure symptoms children who have attachment disorders exhibit. this includes such lack of eye contact, aversion to touch, control issues, social detachment, anger problems, frequent lying, cruel and destructive behavior, difficulty showing care, underdeveloped conscience, and unusual patterns of affection.
CHILDHOOD AUTISM SPECTRUM TEST
The CAST is a parental questionnaire developed by the Autism Research Centre at the University of Cambridge, for assessing the severity of autism spectrum symptoms in children. The sensitivity of the CAST, at a designated cut-point of 15, was 100 percent, the specificity was 97 percent and the positive predictive value was 50 percent.
CHILD AND ADOLESCENT BEHAVIOR INVENTORY
Compared to existing questionnaires, the CABI has been organized so as to be of medium length, with items concerning the most significant symptoms indicated by the DSM-IV-TR for the pertinent disorders, and covering a wider range than existing instruments.
CENTER FOR EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDIES DEPRESSION IN CHILDREN
The CES-DC is a 20-item self-report depression inventory for children and adolescents. The CES-DC demonstrates good psychometric properties for clinical screening and evaluation in both developed and underdeveloped countries.
CHILD AND ADOLESCENT DISRUPTIVE BEHAVIOR INVENTORY
This measure assesses all of the specific diagnostic criteria for Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Conduct Disorder and Attention Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder. The close mapping of items against the diagnostic criteria in the DSM IV is an advantage of this measure over others, such as the Child Behavior Checklist.
CHILD DISSOCIATIVE EXPERIENCE SCALE AND POST-TRAUMATIC STRESS INVENTORY
CHILD DISSOCIATIVE CHECKLIST
The CDC compiles observations by an adult observer regarding a child’s behaviors and quantifies dissociative behavior for dimensional approaches and can categorize children into low and high dissociation groups. Also, the CDC seems to provide a reasonable indication of whether a child is improving over time or with treatment.
CHILD MANIA RATING SCALE
The CMRS-P represents parent’s report of symptoms. Preliminary evidence of its validity as a treatment outcome makes it applicable in research and suggests its potential use in clinical settings. Because parents are often the first to suspect that a child has a serious psychiatric disorder, it appears to be a useful and accurate screening instrument for pediatric mania.
COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT TEST - 6 item
The 6-Item Cognitive Impairment Test (6CIT) is a brief cognitive function test and is widely used in primary care settings. The 6CIT correlates highly with the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE). Some researchers suggest that the 6CIT has advantages over the MMSE in hospital settings. It shows good sensitivity for detecting mild dementia as well being culturally unbiased.
COGNITIVE SCREENING TEST - CLIENT EXAMINATION
A reliable, valid and efficient screening tool for dementia, specifically in primary care. The GPCOG performs at least as well as the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), but it only takes 4 minutes to administer. (See page 1 of the hard copy.)
COGNITIVE SCREENING TEST - INFORMANT INTERVIEW
The GPCOG informant interview takes just 2 minutes. Reviews of dementia screening tools for the primary care setting recommend the use of the GPCOG. Scoring is not influenced by the cultural and linguistic background of a person making it an invaluable screening in multicultural patient settings. (See page 2 of the hard copy.)
COLUMBIA SUICIDE SEVERITY RATING SCALE
The C-SSRS supports suicide risk assessment through a series of simple, plain-language questions that anyone can ask. The answers help users identify whether someone is at risk for suicide, assess the severity and immediacy of that risk, and gauge the level of support that the person needs. The C-SSRS has sound psychometric studies as evidenced by multiple research studies.
COMPASSION AND FATIGUE TEST
Helping others puts people in direct contact with other people’s lives. Those who help others have probably experienced their compassion for those they help in both positive and negative ways. This self-test helps them estimate their current compassion status and how much they are at risk of (a) burnout, (b) compassion fatigue, as well as (c) satisfaction they derive from helping others.
CRAFFT SCREENING INTERVIEW
The CRAFFT is an acronym for Car, Relax, Alone, Forget, Family, Friends, Trouble. This screening tool consists of six questions intended to identify adolescents who may have simultaneous risky alcohol and other drug use disorders. The CRAFFT is a valid means of screening adolescents for substance-related problems and disorders.
DEPRESSION ANXIETY STRESS SCALES-21
The DAAS is a shortened version of the original 42 question inventory. The development of the DASS was based on the tripartite model of depression and anxiety. DASS-depression focuses on reports of low mood, motivation, and self-esteem; DASS-anxiety on physiological arousal, perceived panic, and fear; and DASS-stress on tension and irritability.
DEPRESSION SELF-RATING SCALE FOR CHILDREN
The DSRS-C is based on the operational definition of depressive disorder, implying a duration of a specific affective behavior pattern where there is impairment in a child’s or adolescent’s ability to effectively function in his/her environment.
DISPLACED AGGRESSION QUESTIONNAIRE
Analysis of the DAQ provided support for affective (angry rumination), cognitive (revenge planning), behavioral dimensions (engaging in displaced aggression). It demonstrated good internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and convergent and discriminant construct validity. The trait, displaced aggression, predicted behavior in the real-world and in two experiments.
DRUG ABUSE SCREENING TEST
The DAST was developed in 1982 and is still an excellent screening tool. Its original version is 28-items that parallel those of the Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (MAST). The DAST has exhibited valid psychometric properties and has been found to be a sensitive screening instrument for the abuse of drugs other than alcohol.
DRINKING RELATED INTERNAL-EXTERNAL LOCUS OF CONTROL SCALE
This IS a highly reliable, multidimensional scale dealing with specific expectations concerning drinking behavior. Its use may provide greater predictive power in the investigation of alcoholic personality traits, psychopathology, and drinking behavior than that provided by Rotter’s Internal-External Locus of Control Scale and other measures of generalized expectancy of control.
DISTRESS AND RISK ASSESSMENT METHOD
The DRAM is a simple and straightforward psychological assessment method for pain problems. The DRAM is designed as no more than a first-stage screening procedure, whether as a confirmation of clinical impression, or to alert the clinician that a more comprehensive psychological or psychophysiological assessment is indicated.
DRUG-RELATED LOCUS OF CONTROL
The DR-LOC is a 15-item, forced-choice measure of drug-use control expectancies in a variety of drug-use-related situations. Locus of control refers to internal states that explain why people actively deal with difficult circumstances. It concerns the beliefs that individuals hold regarding the relationships between action and outcome.
DYADIC ADJUSTMENT SCALE - REVISED
The DAS-R is a 14-item scale that measures relationship satisfaction. The DAS-R gives a quick snapshot of multiple dynamics within a given relationship as well as an overall assessment of the stability of the relationship. The revised version offers improved psychometric properties, and can successfully differentiate between distressed and non-distressed relationships.
DYSFUNCTIONAL ATTITUDE SCALE
The Dysfunctional Attitude Scale form A (DAS-A) is a self-report scale designed to measure the presence and intensity of dysfunctional attitudes.
EDINBURGH POSTNATAL DEPRESSION SCALE
Postpartum depression affects at least 10 percent of women and many depressed mothers do not get proper treatment. The EPDS was developed to assist health professionals in detecting mothers suffering from Post-Partum Depression. The EPDS was shown to be suitable for screening for a Major Depressive Episode in the community.
EATING ATTITUDES TEST
This is the most widely used screening measure to help determine if someone has an eating disorder and is in need of professional attention. The EAT-26 measures symptoms and concerns characteristic of eating disorders. In 1982, the test was updated and shortened to the current 26-item version, known as the EAT-26. It’s not designed to diagnose or to take the place of a professional consultation.
Executive Skills Questionnaire - Teen Version
EPWORTH SLEEPINESS SCALE
The ESS was first introduced in 1991 by Dr. Murray Johns of the Epworth Hospital in Melbourne, Australia, and is a tool used to measure the average sleep propensity (ASP) of patients to assess their general level of sleepiness and determine if sleep disorders could be the cause of their problems. Patients taking the questionnaire are asked questions regarding their likelihood of falling asleep during eight normal, low activity situations.
EXECUTIVE SKILLS QUESTIONNAIRE FOR CHILDREN
FLORIDA OBSESSIVE-COMPULSIVE INVENTORY SCALE
The FOCI is a self-reported measure to assess the symptoms and severity of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), with adequate reliability and moderate correlations with the FOCI Severity Scale, the Y-BOCS scales, and measures of depression and severity of psychopathology. The severity scale is internally consistent and highly correlated with the total score from the Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale.
GERIATRIC DEPRESSION SCALE
The GDS is a self-report measure of depression in older adults, and a sound psychometric tool. The GDS was developed as a 30-item instrument.
GERIATRIC DEPRESSION SCALE - SHORT FORM
The GDS can be both time-consuming and difficult for some patients to complete, so a shortened form (GDS-SF) was developed, comprised of 15 items chosen from the GDS
GENERALIZED ANXIETY DISORDER - 7
The GAD-7 is an easy-to-use self-administered questionnaire measuring the severity of generalized anxiety disorder. A score of 10 or more has a sensitivity of 89% and a specificity of 82% for GAD. Also, it is moderately good at screening three other common anxiety disorders – panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, and post-traumatic stress disorder.
INFORMANT QUESTIONNAIRE OF COGNITIVE DECLINE
The short form can be filled out by a relative or other supporter of an older person to determine whether that person has cognitive decline and can be used to screen for dementia. The short form was cross-validated using those diagnosed with dementia/delirium as the validity standard and was found to perform as well as the long form.
INTERPERSONAL SUPPORT EVALUATION LIST
The ISEL assesses the perceived availability of four separate social supports as well as an overall support measure. The items fall into (1) tangible or perception of material aid; (2) appraisal or availability of someone to talk to about one’s problems; (3) self-esteem or comparing one’s self to others; and (4) belonging or availability of people one can do things with.
INTERPERSONAL SUPPORT EVALUATION LIST - SHORT VERSION
The ISEL-SV is a 12-item measure of perceptions of social support. This measure is a shortened version of the original 40 item version. This questionnaire has three different subscales designed to measure three dimensions of perceived social support: Appraisal, Belonging, and Tangible Support. Research suggests the short version is a psychometrically valid tool.
IMPACT OF EVENTS SCALE - REVISED
The IES-R is a self-report measure designed to assess current subjective distress for any specific life event. It has 22 items. Seven items were added to the original 15-item IES. The 7 items comprise 6 that tap hyperarousal such as: anger and irritability, heightened startle response, difficulty concentrating, hypervigilance; and 1 new intrusion item that taps the dissociative-like re-experiencing when experiencing true flash-back. The hyperarousal subscale and the new intrusion item along with the existing intrusion and avoidance subscales parallel the DSM-IV criteria for PTSD. Psychometric information is available to support the efficacy of the IES-R as a tool for assessing the impact of traumatic experience on the victims of workplace bullying.
INSOMNIA SEVERITY INDEX RATING SCALE
The ISI is a 7-item self-report questionnaire assessing the nature, severity, and impact of insomnia. The total score is interpreted as follows: absence of insomnia (0–7); sub threshold insomnia (8–14); moderate insomnia (15–21); and severe insomnia (22–28). Study findings provide evidence that the ISI is a reliable and valid instrument to detect cases of insomnia in the population and is sensitive to treatment response in clinical patients.
KESSLER PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS SCALE
The K10 is a 10-item questionnaire intended to yield a global measure of distress based on questions about anxiety and depressive symptoms that a person has experienced in the most recent 4 week period. The use of a consumer self-report measure is a desirable method of assessment because it is a genuine attempt on the part of the clinician to collect information on the patient’s current condition and to establish a productive dialogue.
KUTCHER ADOLESCENT DEPRESSION SCALE
The KADS is a self-report scale specifically designed to diagnosis and assess the severity of adolescent depression. It’s optimized for monitoring outcomes in adolescents who are receiving treatment for major depressive disorder. Its items address the core symptoms of depression, giving it the potential to have good predictive or criterion validity as well as good evaluative properties (i.e., the ability to assess change over time).
LEEDS DEPENDENCE QUESTIONNAIRE
The LDQ is derived from a psychological understanding of the nature of dependence. It is therefore suitable for measuring dependence during periods of substance use or abstinence. The LDQ is an indicator of how addicted a person is — and therefore how difficult it will be to achieve a positive outcome. The questionnaire was designed to be sensitive to change over time and to be sensitive through the range from mild to severe dependence.
LIFE STRESS TEST
The LST shows the kind of life pressure that you are facing. The role of stress is complex. Depending on one’s coping skills or the lack thereof, this scale can predict the likelihood that someone will fall victim to a stress related illness. The illness could be mild – frequent tension headaches, acid indigestion, loss of sleep to very serious illness like ulcers, cancer, migraines and the like.
LIEBOWITZ SOCIAL ANXIETY SCALE
This measure assesses the way that social phobia plays a role in your life across a variety of situations. The LAS is a well-validated measure that can be used to screen clients for social anxiety disorder and measure their progress while in treatment. It is a 24-item measure designed to assess both fear and avoidance of social (e.g., going to a party, meeting strangers) and performance situations (e.g., taking a test, giving a report to a group) occurring in the last week.
MINDFUL ATTENTION AWARENESS SCALE
The MAAS is a 15-item scale designed to assess a core characteristic of dispositional mindfulness, namely, open or receptive awareness of and attention to what is taking place in the present. The scale shows strong psychometric properties and has been validated with college, community, and cancer patient samples. Correlational, quasi-experimental, and laboratory studies have shown that the MAAS taps a unique quality of consciousness that is related to, and predictive of, a variety of self-regulation and well-being constructs.
MAJOR DEPRESSION INVENTORY
The MDI is a self-report mood questionnaire developed by the World Health Organization’s Collaborating Center in Mental Health. The MDI was developed to cover the universe of depressive symptoms in DSM-IV major depression as well as in ICD-10 mild, moderate, and severe depression. The MDI as a measure of depression severity was accepted using the Visual Analogue Scale as an index of external, clinical validity.
MINI MENTAL STATE EXAM
The or Folstein test is a 30-point questionnaire that is used extensively in clinical and research settings to measure cognitive impairment. It is commonly used in medicine and allied health to screen for dementia. It is a valid and reliable tool is also used to estimate the severity and progression of cognitive impairment and to follow the course of cognitive changes in an individual over time.
MEANING IN LIFE QUESTIONNAIRE
The MLQ is a 10-item self-report inventory designed to measure life meaning. The MLQ has solid psychometric properties, with good internal consistency, with coefficient alphas ranging in the low to high .80s for the Presence subscale and mid .80s to low .90s for the Search subscale. A main focus of logotherapy is the discovery of life meaning. Along these lines, logotherapy posits that: (1) there is meaning in life, (2) people are motivated by the Will to Meaning, and (3) people are free to find their own meaning.
MICHIGAN ALCOHOL SCREENING TEST
The MAST alcohol assessment quiz was developed in 1971 for the general population as a 25-question test initially. It can be self-administered or taken in interview format with a qualified interviewer. Since it was first created, it has been successful in identifying dependent drinkers with up to 98 percent accuracy.
MICHIGAN ALCOHOL SCREENING TEST - Geriatirc Version
The SMAST-G was developed as the first short-form alcoholism screening instrument tailored to the needs of older adults. The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration recommend that a screening test like the SMAST-G be the first step in Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment.
MICHIGAN ALCOHOL SCREENING TEST - Short Form
The SMAST is a 13-item questionnaire that requires a 7th grade reading level, and only a few minutes to complete. It was developed from the Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test. Evaluation data indicate that it is an effective diagnostic instrument, and does not have a tendency for false positives, as does the Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test. It is strongly recommended that the DAST-10 be used along with the SMAST unless there is a clear indication that the client uses alcohol but does not use any other drug at all.
MODIFIED MINI NEUROPSYCHIATRIC INTERVIEW
The MINI is a 22-item questionnaire that can be administered in about 15 minutes. The tool uses a set of “gateway” questions that relate to signs of distress that may be attributed to a psychiatric disorder. The screen is divided into 3 sections to capture the three major categories of mental illness as follows: Mood Disorders, Anxiety Disorders, Psychotic Disorders. The MINI is a good outcome tracking measure in clinical settings.
MOOD DISORDER QUESTIONNAIRE
The MDQ was developed by a team of psychiatrists, researchers and consumer advocates to address a critical need for timely and accurate diagnosis of bipolar disorder, which can be fatal if left untreated. The questionnaire takes about five minutes to complete, and can provide important insights into diagnosis and treatment.
MULTIDIMENSIONAL SCALE OF PERCEIVED SOCIAL SUPPORT
The MSPSS is a brief tool designed to measure perceptions of support from 3 sources: family, friends, and a significant other. It’s comprised of a total of 12 items, with 4 items for each subscale. An initial study describing the development of the MSPSS indicated that it was a psychometrically sound instrument: strong factorial validity was demonstrated, confirming the three-subscale structure of the MSPSS.
NOVACO ANGER SCALE
The NAI was adapted from the long form (Novaco, 1975) and contains 25 of the original 90 items. The NAI measures the degree of provocation or anger people would feel if placed in certain situations. Research demonstrates significant correlation coefficients suggestive of some construct validity
OBSESSIVE COMPULSIVE INVENTORY REVISED
The OCI consists of 42 items and 7 subscales and is designed to report the frequency of and distress caused by each symptom. It is psychometrically sound, but disadvantaged by length and redundancy. The revised version was developed to address those problems. The OCI_R consists of 18 items and 6 subscales and is a sound psychometric measure of OCD and its various symptom presentations. The OCI-R consists of six distinct factors, demonstrates good convergent validity, and performs well in discriminating OCD from other anxiety disorders.
PARENT'S OBSERVATIONS OF SOCIAL INTERACTIONS
The Parent’s Observations of Social Interactions (POSI) is a seven-item screening instrument for autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The POSI was created as one part of a comprehensive screening instrument designed for pediatric primary care, and is available at The Survey of Wellbeing of Young Children (SWYC).
PTSD CHECKLIST - CIVILIAN VERSION
The PCL is a standardized self-report rating scale for PTSD comprising 17 items that correspond to the key symptoms of PTSD. Two versions of the PCL exist: 1) PCL-M is specific to PTSD caused by military experiences and 2) PCL-C (this version) is applied generally to any traumatic event.
PEDIATRIC SYMPTOM CHECKLIST 17
The PSC-17 is a brief screening questionnaire that is used by pediatricians and other health professionals to improve the recognition and treatment of psychosocial problems in children.The PSC-17 can help primary care providers assess the likelihood of finding any mental health disorder in their patient. The brief and easy to score PSC-17 has fairly good mental health screening characteristics, even when compared with much longer instruments like the CBCL (Child Behavior Checklist by T. Achenbach).
PENN STATE WORRY QUESTIONNAIRE
The PSWQ is a 16-item questionnaire that measures worry. Research shows it possesses high internal consistency and good test-retest reliability and a strong ability to differentiate patients with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) from other anxiety disorders. Since its development in 1990, the PSWQ has become a widely used self-report tool for pathological worry and GAD.
PATIENT HEALTH QUESTIONNAIRE 9
The PHQ is a self-administered version of the PRIME-MD diagnostic instrument for common mental disorders. The PHQ-9 is the depression module, which scores each of the 9 DSM-IV criteria. In addition to making criteria-based diagnoses of depressive disorders, the PHQ-9 is also a reliable and valid measure of depression severity.
POST-TRAUMATIC COGNITIONS INVENTORY
The PTCI is derived from clinical observations and current theories of post-trauma psychopathology. The PTCI yields 3 factors: Negative Cognitions of Self, Negative Cognitions of the World, and Self-Blame. The 3 factors correlated well with measures of PTSD severity, depression, and general anxiety; and discriminated between traumatized individuals with and without PTSD.
QUANTITATIVE CHECKLIST FOR AUTISM IN TODDLERS
The Q-CHAT contains 25 items and was completed by parents of 779 toddlers with a mean age of 21 months and parents of 160 toddlers and preschoolers with a mean age 44 months with an Autism Spectrum Disorder. The ASD group scored significantly higher on the Q-CHAT than controls. Full examination of the clinical validity of the Q-CHAT and test properties is underway.
ROSENBERG SELF ESTEEM MEASURE
The RSEM is a 10-item scale that measures global self-worth by measuring both positive and negative feelings about the self. The scale is believed to be uni-dimensional. All items are answered using a 4-point Likert scale format ranging from strongly agree to strongly disagree.
SATISFACTION WITH LIFE SCALE
SATISFACTION WITH THERAPY AND THERAPIST SCALE
Patients’ level of satisfaction with their therapeutic experience is a concept that is important for understanding treatment efficacy; however, patient satisfaction has received little empirical attention. The STTS developed for group psychotherapy was designed to assess patients’ level of satisfaction with their therapeutic endeavor.
SCALE FOR THE ASSESSMENT OF NEGATIVE SYMPTOMS
The Scoff Test is an eating disorders screening test. Results can be used to to decide if further assessment of an eating disorder is indicated. Keep in mind that, while this eating disorders test has proved effective in screening for anorexia or bulimia in women, in 12% of cases it detected an eating disorder where the subject did not really have one.
SELF-ASSESSMENT PERFECTIONISM SCREENING TEST
Perfectionism is a response to anxiety that can be damaging to relationships and performance. The SAPST can assess if there a person is struggling with perfectionism. Scoring five or more yes answers suggest a potential problem with perfectionism. This is a screening test only. For an accurate diagnoses, a qualified professional needs to perform a full assessment.
SEXUAL ADDICTION SCREENING TEST
The SAST is designed to assist in the assessment of sexually compulsive or “addictive” behavior. Developed in cooperation with hospitals, treatment programs, private therapists and community groups, the SAST provides a profile of the responses that help to discriminate between an addictive and non-addictive behavior.
SOCIAL INTERACTION ANXIETY SCALE
The SIAS is a 20 item self report scale designed to measure social interaction anxiety defined as “distress when meeting and talking with other people”. This tool is helpful in tracking social anxiety symptoms over time, and may be helpful as part of an assessment for social phobia or other anxiety related disorders. An exploratory factor analysis yielded three factors: (1) interaction anxiety, (2) anxiety about being observed by others, and (3) fear that others will notice anxiety symptoms. However, hierarchical factor analysis suggested that these factors all load on a single higher-order factor, social anxiety.
SPENCE ANXIETY RATING SCALE - PARENT VERSION
The scale is completed by a parent of an anxious child between the ages of 6 to 18. It provides an overall measure of anxiety together with scores on six sub-scales each tapping a specific aspect of child anxiety.
STRENGTHS AND DIFFICULTIES QUESTIONNAIRE
The SDQ is a brief behavioral screen for children and teens ages 4-17 year. This measure can be used to screen for risk for psychiatric disorders. The SDQ focuses on positive attributes as well as risk symptoms regarding the child or adolescent’s behavior in the past six months.
STRESS AND COPING SELF-TEST
SOUTH OAKS GAMBLING SCREEN
The SOGS consists of 20-items based on DSM- III criteria for pathological gambling. There is research demonstrating the value of using the SOGS is dimensionally. the current results reaffirm its utility with both DSM-IV and DSM-5 criteria. (Digital Wellness Group had adjusted the cut-off scores per that research.)
SUICIDAL AFFECT BEHAVIOR COGNITION SCALE
The SABCS is a brief, public domain, reliable and valid measure of suicidality/suicide risk. It is appropriate for public screening, research, and clinical purposes, including the assessment of clinically meaningful changes in suicidality.
STAGES OF CHANGE READINESS AND TREATMENT EAGERNESS
The SOCRATES is designed for individuals seeking treatment for their alcohol problems. It is comprised of three factors: Recognition, Ambivalence, and Taking Steps. The SOCRATES yields scores related to (a) acceptance of their problems, (b) insight that their problems are destructive, and (c) if steps toward change are already being taken.
The STOP BANG questionnaire is a proven tool that can be used to screen for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). This tool will assess one’s low, moderate or high risk group for sleep apnea.
SURVEY OF WELL-BEING OF YOUNG CHILDREN
The SWYC is a freely-available, comprehensive, first-level developmental-behavioral screening instrument for children under 5 ½ years of age. See sample for 36 months here It was designed to be completed by parents or other caregivers in the context of children’s health supervision visits, but can also be used in child care, home visiting, and preschool settings. The SWYC Milestones assess the child’s cognitive, language, and motor development. The BPSC and PPSC assess behavioral and emotional symptoms for children under 18 months and from 18-66 months, respectively. The POSI assesses risk for autism spectrum disorder for children from 16-36 months. The Family Questions assess stress present in the child’s family environment, including parental depression, discord, substance abuse, food insecurity, and parent’s concerns about the child’s behavior, learning, or development.
TRAUMATIC GRIEF INVENTORY
People react in many different ways to bereavement and loss. Depression and anxiety symptoms are quite common. So too is traumatic grief which involves a cluster of symptoms, such as emotional numbing, re-experiencing and avoidance, which are similar too but not the same as the symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder – PTSD
TRAUMATIC GRIEF INVENTORY - SELF-REPORT
The TGI-SR assesses symptoms of Persistent Complex Bereavement Disorder (PCBD) as included in DSM-5 and Prolonged Grief Disorder (PGD) as proposed for inclusion in the ICD-11. The TGI-SR includes all 16 symptoms of PCBD, one additional symptom of PGD that is not part of the PCBD criteria, and one item tapping “functional impairment”, included in both criteria for PCBD and PGD.
TEXAS REVISED INVENTORY OF GRIEF
Complicated grief is characterized by persistent yearning for the deceased, intense sorrow and emotional pain in response to death causing significant distress. Complicated grief is often under recognized and undertreated. The TRIG is a questionnaire that has been demonstrated to have high validity and reliability in the assessment of grief.
VANDERBILT ADHD DIAGNOSTIC PARENT AND TEACHER RATING SCALES
The Vanderbilt ADHD Diagnostic Rating Scale (VADRS) is a psychological assessment tool for parents and teachers of children aged 6 to 12 designed to measure the severity of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms. Developed by Mark Wolraich at the Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, this rating scale also includes items related to other disorders which are frequently comorbid with ADHD.
YOUNG MANIA RATING SCALE
The YMRS is an eleven-item multiple choice diagnostic questionnaire which psychiatrists use to measure the severity of manic episodes in children and young adults. The scale was originally developed for use in the evaluation of adult patients with bipolar disorder, but has since been modified for use in pediatric patients. The scale is widely used by professionals and researchers.
A similar scale was later developed to allow clinicians to interview parents about their children’s symptoms, in order to ascertain a better diagnosis of mania in children. This parent version (P-YMRS) can be completed by a parent or a teacher to determine whether a child should receive further evaluation from a psychologist or psychiatrist. Clinical studies have demonstrated the reliability and validity of the parent version of the scale, which has been found to provide “clinically meaningful information about mood disorders in youth.” The P-YMRS does succeed in identifying most cases of childhood bipolar disorder, and it has an extremely high false positive rate.